Isis Hockenos

Born in: 1986, California, United States

Lives in: Los Angeles, California

Media: Painting, Drawing

Describe your work in 3 words: Narrative, Colorful, Figurative

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Look, I Got You Something - India Ink, Gouache and Colored Pencil on Paper 12 x 9 in. 2018

"I explore ideas of shape-shifting, transformation, masks and identity. Through vibrant visual narrative, sometimes parabolic, other times more abstruse, I take my experiences and surroundings and weave them into a personal mythology; a canon of stories that has been developing throughout my life and that I employ to better understand the world around me."

What themes does your work involve?
Mythology, human relationships, storytelling.
Describe your creative process.
I begin with a form, typically human, often from a photo I’ve taken or an amalgamation of photos. I rework this form until it has departed completely from the original source image and has taken on a life of its own. From here I compose my painting based on what I’ve been reading and thinking about lately. I typically work on 2-3 oil paintings at a time. While the paintings are in progress I make smaller works on paper using India ink, gouache and colored pencil (as seen here). These smaller, quicker works inform the larger paintings and visa versa. I know a piece is complete when I mix a color, approach the canvas (or paper) and the painting asks for nothing; it no longer needs me and can stand alone in the world.
What influences your work? What inspires you? Why do you make art?
I have always been influenced by storytelling, mythology and illustration. Recently, I have been looking at a lot of Max Beckmann and R.B. Kitaj and more contemporary artists like Peter Doig and Natalie Frank. Both of my parents were artists and I was educated in the Waldorf curriculum so art has been integrated into my life since birth. It was one of the languages I was raised to communicate with.
What is good art? What makes a piece of art great?

There is good art and there is successful art. The distinction, I believe, is that good art is subjective while successful art is objective. Considering a piece of art to be “good” is based on personal and aesthetic preference. A work is successful if the piece effectively communicates the intentions of the artist.

What is the role of the artist today?
The role of the artist today is to maintain visual language. By doing so we maintain diversity of communication, which is a critical part of shaping an empathetic world. It is impossible for a person to see everything at once. The artist distills the overwhelming experience of existing down to a human scale.
Naked Work Party - India Ink, Gouache and Colored Pencil on Paper, 12 x 9 in., 2018


This interview was published by Circle Foundation of the Arts. © CFA Press ∙ Images are courtesy of the artist

Gerhard Petzl

"My artworks are a crossover of different styles, shapes and media but influenced by nature, different cultures and continents. My style can be described as abstract, elegant and timeless. As I have lived on 4 continents, I am the personification of a globalized human being."

The Chocolate Table, Hong Kong Project - 5 x 1,2 x 1,2 m

Born in Austria and currently living in Switzerland, Gerhard Petzl is a trained Master Pastry Chef and Master Chocolatier for 25 years now. In 2003 he decided to study Art and Design and completed a Master's.

"Afterwards, I continued my search for sculptural expressions successfully, mainly in chocolate with projects in New York, Sydney, Hong Kong, Jakarta, Vienna and other cities and was even awarded 'Master Chocolatier of the Year' in 2017 in NY, USA. Crazy projects like the "World's tallest Chocolate Santa", a 5m long table with more than 2,500 single pieces assembled, or even a whole room made out of chocolate with a lifesized human, a desk, a sofa, a table and all in all more than 1500kg chocolate used."

Over the last years, Petzl has worked more with bronze sculpture, timelapse video and created many designs for products. He is the founder of "Chocolate Crystals Art" and 'ARTdesign-naturally grown' which uses chocolate crystal templates as design elements for artworks, furniture and lifestyle products.

"Speaking of my sculptures, they reflect a kind of eternity and timelessness and seem to be familiar but on the other hand maybe strange and mystical. Sometimes a mixture of ancient high culture style and modern expressionism."

Potpourri of Chocolate Body paintings
2 Side tables with naturally grown "Chocolate Crystals design" - Wood with metal stands
The Universe, Chocolate Installation - 3,2 x 1,8 x 1, 7 m
Potpourri of Bronze sculptures

This review was published by Circle Foundation for the Arts © CFA Press ∙ Images are courtesy of the artist


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Riitta Nelimarkka

"Love your work, enjoy dialogue, stay curious and experiment new ideas. Let yourself be self-critical, but not at the beginning of the project. think everything is possible and never give up. Take care of your beloved and nosce te ipsum - know yourself."

An Outsider, Camus, 1990 - Wool relief 220 x 250 x 3 cm

Professor Riitta Nelimarkka’s multifacetedness makes her one of the most exciting Finnish visual artists. Her art is characterized by a fearless use of colour and form, as well as virtuoso drawing skills and using music in her art.

She has studied painting in Paris, animation and photography in Stockholm, art history and music theory at the Helsinki University and piano performance at the Sibelius Academy.  Nelimarkka holds a doctorate degree in the arts (AALTO University Helsinki, 2001). She has received the honorary title professor from the president of Finland 2008. She has held several positions of trust a.o. been the chairman of Nelimarkka-Foundation since 1987.

During years Riitta Nelimarkka has written 20 books: art books, children's books, poetry, made several films, f.i. the first feature animation of Finland Seven Brothers, has had major exhibitions at venues including Amos Anderson Art Museum, Helsinki; Kunsthalle Helsinki; Wäinö Aaltonen museum, Turku ,Hallwyl Museum, Stockholm; Museo de la Nacion, Lima, the Russian Academy of Arts’ Tsereteli Art Gallery, Moscow, EXPO 2000 in Hannover; FIDM Museum, Los Angeles, La Maison de l´Amerique de Monaco and Maison de l’Europe, Paris. Bonga Castle, an aristocratic building that she has renovated with her husband, Jaakko Seeck, in Loviisa, near Helsinki also houses a permanent exhibition of some three hundred works.

Nelimarkka has received numerous awards and prizes at international biennales and film festivals. In 2016 she was awarded by the Order of France with the distinction of Officier des Arts et Lettres.

Happiness Allowed, 2010 - Wool relief 175 x 235 x 3,5 cm
La Valse, Variation 3/3, 2019 - Photomontage on plexi 90 x 140 x 25 cm
Good Lord, I Still Like Them!, 2016 - Serigraphy 25 x 35 cm
Inventing a Butterfly 1/3, 2019 - Photomontage on aluminum 90 x 140 x 2,5 cm

This review was published by Circle Foundation for the Arts © CFA Press ∙ Images are courtesy of the artist


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Nick Dale

"I wanted to be a photographer when I was 15, but my mother said I could always take it up later as a hobby – so that was that for 30 years!"

Three Male Lions Take Down Cape Buffalo - Photograph

"I ended up reading English at Oxford and working as a strategy consultant for a few years before 'retiring' at the age of 29! I then travelled round the world for seven years, doing four ski seasons and working on an internet start-up in San Francisco, before finally returning to London in 2005. At that point, consulting work felt too stressful, so I decided to go 'quality of life', and I'm now a private tutor and wildlife photographer.

I became a tutor in 2009 when I happened to read an article in the paper called 'Ten Ways to Beat the Recession', and I started taking pictures again in 2013 when I received a random email inviting me to go on safari and climb Mount Kenya. I've been a wildlife photographer ever since, taking pictures in 25 countries on all seven continents and winning various awards including the Sunday Times and Audley Travel Big Shot.”

Bear About to Catch Salmon In Mouth - Photograph
Lioness Lies Covered in Cubs On Savannah - Photograph
Galápagos Giant Tortoise Crosses Straight Dirt Road - Photograph
Bengal Tiger Lying in Shadowy Water Hole - Photograph

This review was published by Circle Foundation for the Arts © CFA Press ∙ Images are courtesy of the artist


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Eleanor McKnight

"Colour is my passion seeking out the beauty and translating my vision in my artworks. Creating atmospheric abstract and semi-abstract paintings using oils acrylics and mixed media, blending, scraping, and layering, I like to capture movement and depth resulting in escapism."

Wild Water - Oil, acrylic 18 x 18 x 1.5 in.

Born in Ireland, Eleanor McKnight is a self-taught artist. She returned to painting a few years ago and "it has been such a joy to see my work hanging on walls all over the world."

McKnight has featured in Conde Nast's "Vogue" and "House & Garden" magazines, had gallery representation and has shown in many art fairs and exhibits in London, New York and the Turks and Caicos Islands.

"My permanent home is the Turks and Caicos Islands, capturing the beauty of ocean colour and bringing it to the demure and earthy colours of Europe.  I love to play around with various shades of blue gathering inspiration from the wealth of wonder our planet offers."

Misty Mountains - Acrylic 30 x 30 x 1.5 in.
It's Complicated - Oil, acrylic, mixed media 24 x 24 x 1.5 in.
Irridescent - Oil, acrylic 24 x 24 x 24 in.
Shadows and Light - Oil, acrylic, mixed media 24 x 24 x 1.5 in.

This review was published by Circle Foundation for the Arts © CFA Press ∙ Images are courtesy of the artist


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Hege Ullensvang

"My vision, both artistically and in all aspects of life, is, to the best of my ability, to be happy and focus on what feels lighter. I believe that happiness is the magic formula to create and have all those wonderful things I can ever desire in life ... And it feels good too!"

Secret Below Surface Beyond - Acrylic on canvas 120 x 100 cm

“I call myself an artist now, but it took years to acknowledge myself as one. Maybe because “well-meaning” teachers told me that I would be better off with a traditional academic education... that going down the artistic path was somewhat only for the few and talented. I believed them, and ended up with a Bachelor's degree in Art & Crafts Education and not as a performing visual artist. However, my skills, confidence and desire to create art grew, and even though I couldn’t call myself a "real artist" I continued creating.

I was born in Bergen, Norway, in 1972. In 1993, I left for the University of South-Eastern Norway where I completed the Bachelor's Degree in Teacher Education in Design, Arts and Crafts. I returned to Bergen and attended a yearlong study of Art history at the University of Bergen before I started teaching arts and crafts in high school. Due to health issues, I stopped teaching, and in 1999, I decided to go to India for the first of four times and spent most of my time in a meditation and creativity resort in Pune. I came to know people from all over the world and had many different social, creative and “spiritual” experiences. Among other things, I learned the art of creating mandalas and worked as an artist and teacher in a Mandala Painting Studio. Back in Norway, I painted mandalas, but I also created other things, paintings on canvas and different fiber craft works among others. I enjoyed my creative work, but I was on my own and didn’t come out with my work almost at all.

In 2015, that changed when I became part of a shared art studio with several other artists and that was quite an energy boost for my artistry. I slowly came to look at myself as an artist, and along with that came also a greater self-trust and an eagerness for creating more ... Now I have my own little studio where I happily create my pieces of visual art.”

Frack Curse! Face Camelot! - Acrylic/collage on canvas 80 x 60 cm
Glints of Change - Acrylic on canvas 80 x 80 cm
Yonder, your Dream - Acrylic/collage on canvas 80 x 60 cm
Profusion - Acrylic/collage on canvas 60 x 50 cm

This review was published by Circle Foundation for the Arts © CFA Press ∙ Images are courtesy of the artist


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Anthony Santomauro

"Through detailed drawings and paintings I explore, evaluate, and merge the viewer with intense human emotions whether the subject are human or animal. Life is about what we see, feel and love."

We Too - Pastel 30 x 22 in.

American artist, Anthony Santomauro was born in New York City and has resided in Fairfield, CT since 1976. He has been a practicing artist for over 45 years, working in pastels, charcoal, and acrylics. His professional art career began in 1975 when he received First Prize in the Juried Annual Exhibit of The Sumter South Carolina Artist Guild with “Massimo” followed be a one-man exhibition of his works. Thereafter he was awarded prizes in the Annual Exhibit of the South Carolina State Fair, Sumter Iris Festival, 9th Young Artist Association of Fairfield Exhibit, and several Connecticut Classic Artists Annual Exhibits.

Studying drawing at Silvermine Guild of Artists in New Canaan, CT, he was awarded the Faculty First Prize in drawing at the Annual Juried Student Exhibition of the Silvermine School of Arts in 1998, 2000 and 2001. Santomauro is currently a member of the Easton Arts Council, Easton and Westport Arts Center, Westport, CT.

In 2009 Santomauro was honored by being elected to Artist Membership in the Salmagundi Club, New York City where to date he has exhibited annually in juried shows. He was awarded the Mortimer H. Freehof Award for his pastel “Japanese Girl” in the Salmagundi 126th Annual Members’ Exhibition in 2009, an Honorable Mention for his pastel “Moon Fall” in the 2010 Historic Salmagundi Black and White Exhibition and The Hugh P. Botts Award for his pastel drawing "Massimo" in the 2014 Historic Salmagundi Black and White Exhibition. 

Select Exhibitions

Sumter Art Gallery 1975, Artist of the Month at St. Joseph’s Manor June, 2004 and Directors Choice Exhibit at Walsh Gallery, Quick Center, Fairfield University, Fairfield, CT in June and July 2011, and the Salmagundi Patron’s Gallery exhibit October 2014, Solo Art Place, Solo Salmagundi Club Main Gallery.

Santomauro's works are in many private collections in the United States, Canada and the US Virgin Islands. Additionally, his religious works are in the collections of St. Joseph Manor, Trumbull, CT & Maryknoll.

Sophorn Dreaming - Acrylic 35 x 23.5 in.
Cambodian Monks at Prayer - Acrylic 28 x 22 in.
Japanese Girl - Pastel 24 x 16 in.
Moonfall - Pastel 22 x 29 in.

This review was published by Circle Foundation for the Arts © CFA Press ∙ Images are courtesy of the artist


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Kathy Loev Putnam

Born in: 1964, United States

Lives in: Philadelphia, United States

Media: Painting

Describe your work in 3 words: Contemplative, playful, nuanced

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In Fine Feather - Acrylic, screen print, monotype, mixed media collage on wood panel. 48 x 36 in.

"I am interested in the magic and power of girlhood. My paintings celebrate treasured moments, whether they reveal delight or distress. Often my subjects are alone on a journey of the mind. Each painting is a scene that is conjured by its subject, inseparable from her physical presence."

What themes does your work involve?
My subjects exist in a state of fantasy, inhabiting their own imagined worlds. They are strong, curious, independent, sometimes vulnerable, always brave. Not yet hindered by the restrictions and expectations of their adult futures, they occupy dreamlike spaces, with allusions to fairy tales, enchantment, refuge and threat.
Describe your creative process.
Each painting is a process of trial and error. I usually begin with an image in mind of a child with a specific purpose – hula hooping, inspecting some treasure held between little fingers, or playing dress up. I then attempt to locate or reveal what my subject might be feeling. I use printmaking, paint, and anything else at hand, to create layers. I try something, and if it does not work, I remove it (often after the glue has dried!) or cover it up. Sometimes it feels like I take more off of a surface than I add. The residue left by something removed is often the most interesting thing to work with. I can’t anticipate it, I can only have faith that each move is building toward something. It’s not unusual for me to get resolution by eliminating the very thing I was holding onto the most.
What influences your work? What inspires you? Why do you make art?
I love all forms of art, but in my own work, I am drawn toward the human figure. I get most excited when I can distort or abstract a figure without losing the individual expressiveness of the subject. I am constantly inspired by other artists who make paintings where various materials coexist in a way that is difficult to differentiate one from another. In graduate school, I discovered that I can make a painting of anything, from anything – that there are no rules. Being an artist is a second career for me, and I know that making good work is cumulative. It comes from work and more work – there are no shortcuts. I am learning every day, and I love that I don’t know what my work will look like in five or ten years.
What is good art? What makes a piece of art great?

Wow – that is a hard question. I think something is good when it surprises me – when I see something unexpected that is inventive and thoughtful. Craft is important to me, and the level of care an artist brings to their use of materials definitely influences how I experience it. What I consider really great art is something that just stops me in my tracks, that I can’t stop looking at and thinking about – it’s both a physical and emotional reaction. When that happens, it sends me back to work!

What is the role of the artist today?
I think the role of an artist today is the same as it has been throughout time. Art provokes thought, discussion and enlightenment. Artists can bridge divides and educate through emotional connections rather than by direct confrontation. That is not to say that art shouldn’t be confrontational; sometimes that is the point of what an artist is trying to achieve – to force an undeniable reckoning about a specific issue. Either way, we are uniquely able to create emotional engagement between people and ideas.
Beautiful Girl - Oil, screenprint, monotype, mixed media collage on wood panel 40 x 30 in.


This interview was published by Circle Foundation of the Arts. © CFA Press ∙ Images are courtesy of the artist

Chris Klein

Born in: England, north London

Lives in: Montreal, Canada

Media: Painting

Describe your work in 3 words: Luscious, rich, textural

See More Work: | Instagram @chriskleinart |

The House of Montague - Acrylic on canvas 60 x 72 in.

"My costumes invoke many stories. The people who wear them, the performances played and the stages walked. I have worked in theatre for a large part of my life, and this is my way to capture a part of that. It's difficult to marry painting with performance, acting and dance but this is my attempt to do this. It’s also my homage to all the skilled people involved in creating these garments."

What themes does your work involve?
My paintings try to pay tribute to many fields of art. The designer is at the heart, the creator who imagined the garments. But I also want to bring theatre into people’s homes. Shakespeare, Moliere or perhaps a musical or dance. They can remind people of a specific show they love, or a particular character. My subject attracts me in different ways too. I paint sometimes because I love a show, or a particular designer, or I love the textures of the materials themselves, challenging me in different ways as to how to paint them.
Describe your creative process.
I often simply fall in love with the costumes, or a designer’s work, or a show, and then seek to paint them. I would seek permission first. It’s important as this is another artist’s work and someone always own the copyright. I then need to take photographs, so I can stage the garments as I want to paint them. I then study the shadows, the light, sometimes I rearrange them in Photoshop and adjust the folds and shadows a little more. When I have a final image, I will go to work painting. I used to grid and draw traditionally, but now I project, it save lots of time initially. I prefer acrylics, although I’ve painted with oils. I use lots of glazes and slowly build up the image. This can give the “feel” and richness of an oil painting.
What influences your work? What inspires you? Why do you make art?
I’ve always wanted to be an artist. It sounds clichéd but it’s true. I use to love drawing when I was very young. My family are all artistic and my brothers and sister helped me with tips and tricks. So for me, I’m inspired with everything I see. I loved to paint nature, but moved on to racing cars, motorcycles, clouds, and eventually, to costumes!
What is good art? What makes a piece of art great?

Yes, it is difficult, Lol! But I think great art could encompass many traditions. It doesn’t have to be a realistic depiction of anything. This is just a measure of a person’s skills but there doesn’t have to be emotion in it. But I can’t help being stunned by a Caravaggio or a Rembrandt.

The best artworks should generate emotion in the viewer. That’s why I love some of the work of Damien Hirst, or Marcel Duchamp, they certainly get people emotional! But art doesn’t have to shock, some conceptual artworks can bring people to tears, sadness or joy. Some political pieces by Ai Weiwei or Kara Walker are very powerful.

What is the role of the artist today?
I think art plays many, many roles. Art has always been political and a driver of change. I think that’s great. Many people risk their lives for their art, and some die. So art is a very powerful medium. Many people think art should just fill a hole on the wall and make a home pretty. We need art like that too, but we can never take art for granted. I like art that makes a statement, but I paint more for pleasure, and sometimes it brings joy to others. I don’t think my art gets people angry. There’s a place for all kinds of art in the world.
The House of Capulet - Acrylic on canvas 60 z 72 in.


This interview was published by Circle Foundation of the Arts. © CFA Press ∙ Images are courtesy of the artist